Brittle nails

Nails, like our skin, are a reflection of our inner health. An incorrect formation of keratin, the structural protein contained in our nails, and the constant exposure to aggressive external physical and chemical factors can cause changes in colour, texture, and thickness, leaving our nails brittle, fragile or even with broken layers.

The causes of brittle nails

The most common causes behind weakened and damaged nails are mainly exposure to chemicals (such as nail polish, semi-permanent manicures, or detergents), minor traumas, and internal imbalances in our bodies, such as alterations in the thyroid gland, ageing, some skin diseases, and certain nutritional deficiencies.

Other factors that can cause our nails to weaken are genetic predisposition, pregnancy, or excessive hand washing.

Types of brittle nails

Decreased suppleness, dryness or dehydration

If minor impact and bumps, which have never caused you problems before, start to affect your nails adversely, then they may have lost their suppleness.

Splitting nails (onychoschizia)

If you notice that your nails break very easily, then this is a clear case of brittle nails, and pieces can break off in layers.

Longitudinal ridges, cracks, and detachments (onychorrhexis)

In some cases, cracks appear on the outer edge of the nail and develop in an upward direction, which can not only be unsightly but also very uncomfortable.

Detachment of the nail

This is when the nail separates from the nail bed. This discomfort may be due to a nail that lacks nutrients or has suffered severe trauma.

Symptoms of brittle nails

Our nails are made up of keratin, calcium, water, lipids and other trace elements, which are all necessary to keep them in optimum condition.

If you notice that they flake off in layers or break too easily, then we’re talking about a case of brittle nails. You may also notice that they are drier (including the cuticle) and that their smooth, natural shape has changed. Layers may also peel off, and cracks may appear from the root to the tip.

Clinical studies

We offer products with proven efficacy. Have a look at our medical research.

Products to treat brittle and flaky nails

A good diet, protection from aggressive external elements, regular health check-ups, and extra nourishment for your nails go a long way to solve the problem of brittle, cracking, or broken nails.

In addition to this, here at Pilopeptan we have developed special formulas that can nourish nails, starting with the matrix (the tissue under the nail) in order to guarantee correct growth and adequate strength.

Frequently asked questions about brittle nails

Our fingernails tend to lose thickness as we age; they become thinner and rougher, and longitudinal ridges may appear. They also grow more slowly with age.

In the case of toenails, they tend to become harder and thicker over the years.

From week 6 of pregnancy onwards, nails may start to become weaker and more brittle. However, not all pregnant women experience these changes, and they are usually temporary.

B and E vitamins are especially important for preventing nail breakage, as are other elements such as keratin. You can find these elements in our brittle nail care products.

Do you have any further questions or would you like any advice on which product is right for you?